40 On Justice
The Prophetic Voice on Social Reform
Author(s): Omar Suleiman
Reviewed by: Imran A. Siddiq
Reviewed by:Imran A. Siddiq, Institute for the Study and Research of Civilisation (ISRC), Bangladesh
Published by: Leicestershire: Kube, 2022, 108pp. ISBN: 9781847741431.
Omar Suleiman’s 40 on Justice: The Prophetic Voice on Social Reform is a timely exposition of the principles of social justice as derived from the authentic sayings of the Prophet (blessings and peace be upon him). In a world plagued by injustice in every facet of human life, it is important that Muslims revisit the Prophet’s teachings on justice and seek to understand their import and implications in today’s world. It is against this backdrop that one should read Omar Suleiman’s book under review.
The Qur’an and Hadith are replete with provisions which enjoin justice: social, economic and political. Social justice is exemplified in the injunctions against backbiting (al-Hujurat 49:12), the prohibition of being disrespectful to one’s parents (al-Isra’ 17:23) and in the repeated exhortations to maintain ties with one’s family (Muhammad 47:22-23). Economic justice is evident in the Qur’anic principle of observing justice in weighing (al-Rahman 55: 7-9), the prohibition of riba-based transactions (al-Baqarah 2: 275) and the injunction against transactions riddled with uncertainty or gharrar (Sahih Muslim, Book 10, Number 3614). In the political sphere, too, one is repeatedly asked to ensure that those governed do not suffer oppression or injustice at the hands of the establishment. Allah Most High commands to judge between people with justice (al-Nisa’ 4:58) and to refrain from oppressing people (Sahih Muslim, Book 45, Number 2577).